Cognition research aims to reduce medical errors

  Washington, DC, USA (September 12, 2011) – How doctors, nurses and other health care professionals can be better prepared to reduce medical mistakes and improve patient care is the focus of several studies published in a special issue of the American Psychological Association’s Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.  

Flu vaccines for nursing home workers effective in reducing outbreaks: study

  Arlington, VA, USA (September 12, 2011) – Higher flu vaccination rates for health care personnel can dramatically reduce the threat of flu outbreak among nursing home residents, according to a study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.  

First detailed map of human neuroreceptor

  Los Angeles, CA, USA (September 11, 2011) – For the first time, USC scientists have mapped out a neuroreceptor. This scientific breakthrough promises to revolutionize the engineering of drugs used to treat ailments such as Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia.  

Hormone found that predicts premature death in kidney patients

  Aurora, Colorado, USA  (Sept. 9, 2011) – Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have found that high levels of a specific hormone can predict which kidney patients will develop heart problems, require dialysis or die prematurely.  

Chronic pain: Watch out before accepting diagnosis and treatment

  Bethesda, MD, USA (September 8, 2011) – A new commentary published online in The FASEB Journal (http://www.fasebj.org) argues that patients should be diligent and demand proof of safety and benefit before beginning any treatment regimen for chronic pain, as some treatments have very little scientific evidence that they actually alleviate the conditions for which
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Aerobic exercise may reduce the risk of dementia

  Rochester, Minnesota, USA (September 7, 2011) – Any exercise that gets the heart pumping may reduce the risk of dementia and slow the condition’s progression once it starts, reported a Mayo Clinic study published this month in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Researchers examined the role of aerobic exercise in preserving cognitive abilities and concluded that
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Chemotherapy can impair speech

  Gothenburg, Sweden (September 6, 2011) – Patients who have received high doses of chemotherapy may find it harder to express themselves verbally, according to new research from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Speech difficulties among cancer patients who received chemotherapy treatment were two times higher than among those who did
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Neonatal and infant feeding disorders program saves infants from lifetime of feeding tubes

  Columbus, Ohio USA (September 6, 2011 – An innovative approach to treating neonatal feeding problems at Nationwide Children’s Hospital has allowed infants who were struggling to feed orally to be discharged earlier and without feeding tubes, subsequently saving millions of annual healthcare charges.  

Remembering the past negatively worsens health

  Granada, Spain (September 6, 2011) – Going back to work after the holidays is a nightmare for many. Can you improve your health by remembering the past in a positive way? A study by the University of Granada (UGR) reports that people’s attitude to past events, present experiences or future expectations, influences their perception
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Mother’s postpartum oxycodone use: No safer for breastfed infants than codeine

  Cincinnati, Ohio, USA (September 6, 2011) – Doctors have been prescribing codeine for postpartum pain management for many years, and, until recently, it was considered safe to breastfeed while taking the opioid. But the death of an infant exposed to codeine through breast milk has many health care providers questioning the safety of the drug
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Weight-loss surgery has its complications but costs less than standard obesity treatment

  Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom (September 6, 2011) – The majority of people who undergo bariatric weight-loss surgery benefit from the procedure, but long-term complications and further surgery are not uncommon, according to a UK paper on late postoperative complications in the October issue of BJS, the British Journal of Surgery. However, a Finnish paper, published
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Lifetime ‘dose’ of excess weight linked to risk of diabetes, according to U-M study

  Ann Arbour, Michigan, USA (September 6, 2011) – Obesity is a known risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. But it hasn’t been clear whether the "dose" of obesity — how much excess weight a person has, and for how long — affects the risk of diabetes. A new University of Michigan Health System
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Study: No link between menopause and increased risk of fatal heart

  Baltimore, Maryland, USA (September 6, 2011) – Contradicting the long-held medical belief that the risk of cardiovascular death for women spikes sharply after menopause, new research from Johns Hopkins suggests instead that heart disease mortality rates in women progress at a constant rate as they age.  

A more progressive tax system makes people happier

  Charlottesville, Virginia, USA (September 6, 2011) – The way some people talk, you’d think that a flat tax system — in which everyone pays at the same rate regardless of income — would make citizens feel better than more progressive taxation, where wealthier people are taxed at higher rates. Indeed, the U.S. has been
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Prenatal exposure to phthalates linked to decreased mental and motor development

  New York, NY, USA (September 6, 2011) – A newly published study by researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health heightens concerns over the potential health effects on children of a group of ubiquitous chemicals known as phthalates. Phthalates are a class of chemicals that are known to disrupt the endocrine system,
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The size and burden of mental disorders in Europe

  Utrecht, The Netherlands (September 5, 2011) – A major landmark study released today by the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ECNP) sheds new light on the state of Europe’s mental and neurological health. The study finds reveal that mental disorders have become Europe’s largest health challenge in the 21st century. The study also highlights that
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Even mild cognitive impairment appears to substantially increase risk for death

  Indianapolis, Indiana, USA (September 5, 2011) – Cognitive impairment, even when detected at an early, mild stage, is a significant predictor of decreased life expectancy. According to a new, long-term study from Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University researchers, cognitive impairment, especially at the moderate to severe stages has an impact on life expectancy similar
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Aging eyes linked to sleepless nights

  Darien, Illinois, USA (September 1, 2011) – A natural yellowing of the eye lens that absorbs blue light has been linked to sleep disorders in a group of test volunteers, according to a study in the September 1 issue of the journal Sleep. As this type of lens discoloration worsened with age, so did
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Commonly used defibrillators raise risk of problems

  Denver, Colorado, USA (August 31, 2011) – When it comes to defibrillators, simpler may be safer, even though more complex machines are used on a majority of patients.  

Discoveries About Aging-Related Changes in Health and Cognition

  Washington, DC, USA (August 31, 2011) – Critical life course events and experiences — in both youth and middle adulthood — may contribute to health and cognition in later life, according to a new supplemental issue of the Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. Furthermore, the authors find that the
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Federal investment in electronic health records likely to reap returns in quality of care

  Cleveland, Ohio, USA (August 31, 2011) – Research published today in the New England Journal of Medicine gives cause for optimism that federal investments in electronic health records (EHRs) could reap major benefits in better patient care and health outcomes.  

Like mama bears, nursing mothers defend babies with a vengeance

  Los Angeles, California, USA (August 31, 2011) – Women who breast-feed are far more likely to demonstrate a "mama bear" effect — aggressively protecting their infants and themselves — than women who bottle-feed their babies or non-mothers, according to a new study in the September issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association
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Mistaken fear of measles shot has ‘devastating’ effect

  Rochester, Minnesota, USA (August 30, 2011) – More than 150 cases of measles have been reported in the United States already this year and there have been similar outbreaks in Europe, a sign the disease is making an alarming comeback. The reappearance of the potentially deadly virus is the result of unfounded fears about
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More questions than answers remain concerning effects of airplane travel on insulin pump delivery

  New Rochelle, NY, USA (August 30, 2011) — Despite recent concerns that changes in atmospheric pressure during airplane travel may affect the amount of insulin delivered via pump devices, the current evidence is limited and it would be unwise to overreact until more data are available, according to an insightful editorial in Diabetes Technology
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Calling Nurses to Exercise as Role Models for their Patients

  Cleveland, Ohio, USA (August 30, 2011) – Nurses, just like many of their patients, struggle to find time and motivation to exercise. But a new study may give these all-important caregivers some additional pressure and responsibility: nurses’ attitudes can influence whether their patients commit to a healthy lifestyle.  

Patients’ Health Motivates Workers To Wash Their Hands

  Washington, DC, USA (August 29, 2011) – Campaigns about hand-washing in hospitals usually try to scare doctors and nurses about personal illness, says Adam Grant, a psychological scientist at The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. “Most safety messages are about personal consequences,” Grant says. “They tell you to wash your hands so you don’t
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Learning information the hard way may be best ‘boot camp’ for older brains

  Toronto, Canada (August 24, 2011) – Canadian researchers have found the first evidence that older brains get more benefit than younger brains from learning information the hard way – via trial-and-error learning. The study was led by scientists at Baycrest’s world-renowned Rotman Research Institute in Toronto and appears online Aug. 24, 2011 in the
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Exercise can substitute effectively as second ‘medication’ for people with depression

  Dallas, Texas, USA (August 24, 2011) – Exercise can be as effective as a second medication for as many as half of depressed patients whose condition have not been cured by a single antidepressant medication.  

Maintaining exercise when the cardiac rehab is complete

  Providence, Rhode Island, USA (August 23, 2011) – Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found that patients who have completed cardiac rehabilitation and who receive telephone counseling that supports exercise are more likely to adhere to an exercise program. Results of the study, funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, are published
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Ga ga for goo goo

  Manhattan, Kansas, USA (August 23, 2011) – We see it in the movies and on television when a character realizes they desperately want to have a child. Often it is connected with a ticking biological clock. Or we may experience it ourselves when we see baby toys and clothes in the store. "It" can
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Sexist men and women — made for each other

  Lawrence, Kansas, USA (August 23, 2011) – Men with a preference for "one-night stands" and negative sexist attitudes towards women are more likely to use aggressive courtship strategies. They compete with other men who are also interested in the woman, tease the woman, and isolate her away from her friends. In response, women with
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The importance of the team composition in ICUs

  New York, N.Y., USA (August 23, 2011) – A higher proportion of female nurses among intensive care teams may decrease individuals’ risk of professional burnout, according to Swiss researchers who studied the factors related to burnout in the high-stress setting of the intensive care unit (ICU).  

Is Marriage Good for the Heart?

  Rochester, N.Y., USA (August 22, 2011) – Giving your heart to a supportive spouse turns out to be an excellent way to stay alive, according to new research from the University of Rochester. Happily wedded people who undergo coronary bypass surgery are more than three times as likely to be alive 15 years later
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Researchers find increase in infection rates in patients with cardiac electrophysiological devices

  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (August 18, 2011) – New research from the Jefferson Heart Institute shows that patients in the United States who receive cardiac electrophysiological devices (CIEDs), including permanent pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are now at greater risk of contracting an infection over the life span of the device.  

Large weight gains most likely for men after divorce, women after marriage

  Las Vegas, Nev., USA (August 22, 2011) — Both marriage and divorce can act as "weight shocks," leading people to add a few extra pounds—especially among those over age 30—according to new research to be presented at the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association.  

Good ruminations or bad ruminations in the depressed brain?

  Philadelphia, PA, USA (August 22, 2011) – All of us, at times, ruminate or brood on a problem in order to make the best possible decision in a complex situation. But sometimes, rumination becomes unproductive or even detrimental to making good life choices. Such is the case in depression, where non-productive ruminations are a
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The ignored virus that causes liver cancer

  Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia (August 22, 2011) – Hepatitis G virus was identified in 1995. Some little research was carried out on the virus and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) declared it a non-harmful virus in 1997. Researchers in Saudi Arabia, writing in the International Journal of Immunological Studies present evidence to suggest that
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Older adults with too much salt in diet and too little exercise at greater risk of cognitive decline

  Toronto, Canada (August 22, 2011) – Older adults who lead sedentary lifestyles and consume a lot of sodium in their diet may be putting themselves at risk for more than just heart disease.  

Effects of prenatal smoking on infant neurodevelopment may be worse than feared: study

  Chicago, Ill., USA (August 22, 2011) – In one of the largest studies of its kind to date, researchers have found that babies born to mothers who smoke while pregnant face substantial delays in early neurological development, and the effects may be stronger than researchers had previously thought.  

17 percent of cancer nurses unintentionally exposed to chemotherapy

  ANN ARBOR, Mich., USA (August 22, 2011) — Nearly 17 percent of nurses who work in outpatient chemotherapy infusion centers reported being exposed on their skin or eyes to the toxic drugs they deliver, according to a new study from the University of Michigan (U-M) Comprehensive Cancer Center.  

Better mattresses improve care, cut hospital costs

  Toronto, Canada (August 17, 2011) — Hospitals could reduce health care costs arising from pressure ulcers, commonly known as bedsores, by investing in pressure-reduction mattresses for elderly patients in emergency departments, according to new research from the University of Toronto.  

Using powder-free latex gloves reduces latex allergy rate in health care workers

  Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA (August 17, 2011) – Researchers at The Medical College of Wisconsin investigating latex allergy in health care workers have demonstrated the most effective public health strategy to prevent allergic sensitization is by stopping the use of powdered latex gloves. Previous medical studies pointed out this association of latex allergy to powdered
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Better chronic pain management

  Ottawa, Canada (August 15, 2011) – Pain care management needs to be improved, with health care professionals committing to improve care as well as a retooling of the health care system to help people who are suffering, states an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2011/08/15/cmaj.111065  

Viagra could reduce multiple sclerosis symptoms

  Barcelona, Spain (May 19, 2011) – Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona researchers have discovered that Viagra® drastically reduces multiple sclerosis symptoms in animal models with the disease. The research, published in Acta Neuropathologica, demonstrates that a practically complete recovery occurs in 50% of the animals after eight days of treatment. Researchers are confident that clinical
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Wide-reaching report finds strong support for nurse and pharmacist prescribing

  Southampton (May 10, 2011) – Greater powers introduced by the government to enable specially trained nurses and pharmacists to prescribe medication in England have been successfully adopted, according to a new report.  

Risk of hospital patient mortality increases with nurse staffing shortfalls, study finds

  Los Angeles, Cal., USA (March 16, 2011) – Nurses are the front-line caregivers to hospital patients, coordinating and providing direct care and delivering it safely and reliably. The goal for any hospital is to ensure that each of its patient-care units has an adequate number of nurses during every shift.  

Future surgeons may use robotic nurse, ‘gesture recognition’

  WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind., USA (February 3, 2011) – Surgeons of the future might use a system that recognizes hand gestures as commands to control a robotic scrub nurse or tell a computer to display medical images of the patient during an operation. Both the hand-gesture recognition and robotic nurse innovations might help to reduce the
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Toronto Western Hospital study demonstrates improved wait times for patients suffering back pain

  Toronto, Canada (November 17, 2010) – Results of a Toronto Western Hospital study show that patients suffering back pain get quicker diagnosis and treatment when a Nurse Practitioner conducts the first examination. Traditionally, patients face long and anxiety-ridden wait times – up to 52 weeks – before an initial examination by a spine surgeon. Results
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Nurse practitioner-led spinal clinic produced impressive results and shorter waiting times

  Toronto, Canada (November 17, 2010) – Ninety-six per cent of patients with back problems were satisfied with the assessment carried out by a specially trained nurse practitioner, according to a study in the December issue of the Journal of Advanced Nursing.  

CWRU nurse researcher finds prescribed bed rest has down side for pregnant women

  Cleveland, OH, USA (November 10, 2010) – Despite lack of evidence about bed rest’s effectiveness, doctors annually prescribe it for roughly 1 million pregnant women to delay preterm births. Judith Maloni, professor at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University, said a comprehensive review of more than 70 evidence-based research
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