Remdesivir can save more lives where ICUs are overwhelmed

  Boston, MA, USA (July 7, 2020) — Amid news that the United States has bought up virtually the entire global supply of remdesivir, a new Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) study outlines how the drug could save lives in countries with less hospital capacity, such as South Africa, where COVID-19 is beginning

Novel biomarker discovery could lead to early diagnosis for deadly preeclampsia

The discovery of two new biomarkers has the potential to predict key underlying causes of preeclampsia and could lead to the early diagnosis Sydney, Australia (July 3, 2020) — Preeclampsia is a devastating disorder that occurs very suddenly in the second half of pregnancy and causes severe health problems for both mother and baby. Preeclampsia

Asthma and allergies more common in teens who stay up late

  Lausanne, Switzerland (July, 2020) — Teenagers who prefer to stay up late and wake later in the morning are more likely to suffer with asthma and allergies compared to those who sleep and wake earlier, according to a study published inERJ Open Research. [1] Asthma symptoms are known to be strongly linked to the

Why do more women have Alzheimer’s than men? It’s not just from living longer

Why do more women have Alzheimer’s than men? It’s not just from living longer MINNEAPOLIS, USA (June 24, 2020) — Middle-aged women are more likely than men to have changes in the brain related to Alzheimer’s disease, as detected by imaging, even when there are no differences in thinking and memory. This may be associated

New research highlights potential cardiovascular risk of novel anti-osteoporotic drug

Oxford, UK (June 24, 2020) — Research presents new evidence which strengthens the plausibility that treatment with the novel anti-osteoporotic medicine, romosozumab, may lead to excess cardiovascular complications Research presents new evidence which strengthens the plausibility that treatment with the novel anti-osteoporotic medicine, romosozumab, may lead to excess cardiovascular complications. Writing in Science Translational Medicine,

Asymptomatic COVID-19 patients also contaminate the environment

Washington, DC, USA (June 24, 2020) – Both symptomatic and asymptomatic COVID-19 patients have the capability of contaminating their surroundings, according to a new study published in mSphere, an open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. The data, which comes from a patient study conducted in China, demonstrates the importance of environmental cleaning in

At height of COVID-19, nurses and doctors reported high levels of distress

NEW YORK, NY, USA (June 23, 2020) — During the height of the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City, health care workers on the front lines had high levels of acute stress, anxiety, and depression, a study by researchers at Columbia University Irving Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian has found. Levels of stress, anxiety and depression

Breakthrough discovery to transform prostate cancer treatment

  South Australia, Australia (June 20, 2020) — A novel formulation of the prostate cancer drug abiraterone acetate – currently marketed as Zytiga – will dramatically improve the quality of life for people suffering from prostate cancer, as pre-clinical trials by the University of South Australia show the new formulation improves the drug’s effectiveness by

EULAR: Early and intensive treatment of rheumatoid arthritis reduces fatigue

  Better quality of life for people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases   Kilchberg, Switzerland (June 17, 2020) — Disease-related, profound fatigue impairs the quality of life of many people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. A Belgian study (1) has now concluded that early intensive treatment combining methotrexate with a bridging scheme of prednisone can

Flushing toilets create clouds of virus-containing particles

Coronavirus could be transmitted through a long-lasting cloud of virus-containing aerosol droplets ejected from a flushing toilet. WASHINGTON, USA (June 16, 2020) — Researchers used a computer simulation to show how a flushing toilet can create a cloud of virus-containing aerosol droplets that is large and widespread and lasts long enough that the droplets could

Continuous glucose monitoring reduces hypoglycemia in older adults with type 1 diabetes

CHAPEL HILL, NC, USA (June 16, 2020) — Results from a six-month, multi-site clinical trial called the Wireless Innovation for Seniors with Diabetes Mellitus (WISDM) Study Group have been published by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Older adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D), a growing but under-studied population, are prone to hypoglycemia,

Wearable patch may provide new treatment option for skin cancer

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind., USA (June 16, 2020) — Conventional melanoma therapies, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy, suffer from the toxicity and side effects of repeated treatments due to the aggressive and recurrent nature of melanoma cells. Less invasive topical chemotherapies have emerged as alternatives, but their widespread uses have been hindered by both the painful size

Silicones may lead to cell death

  Nijmegen, Netherlands (June 12, 2020) — Silicone molecules from breast implants can initiate processes in human cells that lead to cell death. Researchers from Radboud University have demonstrated this in a new study that will be published on 12 June in Scientific Reports. „However, there are still many questions about what this could mean

Our sleep during lockdown: Longer and more regular, but worse

Our sleep during lockdown: Longer and more regular, but worse   Basel, Switzerland (June 12, 2020) — Research assumes that many sleep disorders are caused by our modern lifestyle, which is characterized by pressure to constantly perform and be active. Rhythms of work and leisure activities thus set a cycle that is often at a

Radioactive cloud over Europe had civilian background

  Isotope measurements on air filters: researchers investigated undeclared nuclear   Münster, Germany (June 12, 2020) — A mysterious cloud containing radioactive ruthenium-106, which moved across Europe in autumn 2017, is still bothering Europe’s radiation protection entities. Although the activity concentrations were innocuous, they reached up to 100 times the levels of what had been

COVID-19 may trigger new diabetes, experts warn

  London, UK (June 12, 2020) — Emerging evidence suggests that COVID-19 may actually trigger the onset of diabetes in healthy people and also cause severe complications of pre-existing diabetes. A letter published today in the New England Journal of Medicine and signed by an international group of 17 leading diabetes experts involved in the

Case series: Teriflunomide therapy in COVID-19 patients with MS

  Boston, MA, USA (June 12, 2020) — During the COVID-19 pandemic, patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their clinicians have had questions and concerns about whether immunotherapies for MS could influence risk for infection or lead to an unfavorable outcome. In the Journal of Neurology, Rohit Bakshi, MD, a senior neurologist at Brigham and

Mozart may reduce seizure frequency in people with epilepsy

TORONTO,  Canada (June 9, 2020) — A new clinical research study by Dr. Marjan Rafiee and Dr. Taufik Valiante of the Krembil Brain Institute at Toronto Western Hospital, part of University Health Network, has found that a Mozart composition may reduce seizure frequency in patients with epilepsy. The results of the research study, „The Rhyme

COVID-19 false negative results if used too early

  Test that relies on viral genetic material gives false negative if uded too early on those infected   Baltimore, MA, USA (June 10, 2020) — In a new study, Johns Hopkins researchers found that testing people for SARS-CoV-2 — the virus that causes COVID-19 — too early in the course of infection is likely

Virus DNA spread across surfaces in hospital ward over 10 hours

  Virus DNA left on a hospital bed rail was found in nearly half of all sites sampled across a ward within 10 hours and persisted for at least five days, according to a new study by UCL and Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH)   London, UK (June 7, 2020) — Virus DNA left on

Repetitive negative thinking linked to dementia risk

  Persistently engaging in negative thinking patterns may raise the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, finds a new UCL-led study   London, UK (June 7, 2020) — In the study of people aged over 55, published in Alzheimer’s & Dementia, researchers found ‚repetitive negative thinking‘ (RNT) is linked to subsequent cognitive decline as well as the

Reducing severe breathlessness and psychological trauma in COVID-19 ARDS survivors

  (June 5, 2020) — A new paper published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society examines ventilation and medication strategies that can help avoid psychological trauma for severe COVID-19 survivors treated for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with mechanical ventilation. In „Air Hunger and Psychological Trauma in Ventilated COVID-19 Patients: An Urgent

Long term care faclities are where most COVID-19 deaths occur

  BOSTON, MA, USA (June 5, 2020)  — Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are a major driver of total COVID-19 deaths. Reported today in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) geriatricians Rossana Lau-Ng, Lisa Caruso and Thomas Perls studied the past month’s case and

Psychedelic drug psilocybin tamps down brain’s ego center

  Baltimore (June 5, 2020) — Perhaps no region of the brain is more fittingly named than the claustrum, taken from the Latin word for „hidden or shut away.“ The claustrum is an extremely thin sheet of neurons deep within the cortex, yet it reaches out to every other region of the brain. Its true

ERA-EDTA: COVID-19 mortality alarmingly high in dialysis patients

  Dr. Maria Jose Soler Romeo talked about the Spanish COVID-19 Dialysis/Transplantation Experience at the Opening Conference of the ERA-EDTA Congress   (June 5, 2020) — Spain is one of the European countries besides the UK and Italy that was particularly hard hit by the coronavirus pandemic in March. Early on, it was not possible

Approved drug may help calm cytokine storm in COVID-19

Washington,DC, USA (June 5, 2020) — The drug acalabrutinib, FDA-approved for the treatment of several types of B cell cancers, improved the oxygenation levels and decreased molecular markers of inflammation in a majority of 19 patients hospitalized for the treatment of severe COVID-19, according to a new study by Mark Roschewski and colleagues. The drug

Mortality of mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients is lower than previously reported reveals study in Critical Care Medicine

(June 4, 2020) – An online first study published in Critical Care Medicine indicates the actual mortality rate of adults with critical illness from COVID-19 is less than what was previously reported. Compared to earlier reports of a 50 percent mortality rate, the study finds that the mortality rate of critically ill patients who required

Many patients with kidney failure regret initiating dialysis

  Discussing life expectancy and completing a living will may lessen likelihood of experiencing regret In a study of adults with kidney failure treated with dialysis, 21% of patients reported regret that they decided to initiate dialysis. Certain factors were linked with a higher likelihood of experiencing regret.   Washington, DC, USA (June 4, 2020)

High blood pressure linked to increased risk of dying from COVID-19

  (June 4, 2020) — Patients with raised blood pressure have a two-fold increased risk of dying from the coronavirus COVID-19 compared to patients without high blood pressure, according to new research published in the European Heart Journal [1] today (Friday). In addition, the study found that patients with high blood pressure who were not

Coronavirus linked to stroke in otherwise healthy young people

Preliminary observations suggest a high incidence of COVID-19 in stroke patients, including younger patients who were otherwise healthy. PHILADELPHIA, USA (June 4, 2020) — Young patients with no risk factors for stroke may have an increased risk if they have contracted COVID-19, whether or not they are showing symptoms of the disease. Surgeons at Thomas

Use loss of taste and smell as key screening tool for COVID-19, researchers urge

  London, UK (June 4, 2020) — King’s College London researchers have called for the immediate use of additional COVID-19 symptoms to detect new cases, reduce infections and save lives. In a letter published in The Lancet, the team discussed how loss of taste and smell – anosmia – should form part of screening measures

Psoriasis patient’s mental health is more than skin-deep

  Umeå, Sweden (June 4, 2020) — Treatment of the common disease psoriasis, usually focuses on treating the skin. However, psoriasis patients often have other physical diseases that can bring on depression, anxiety, and suicide. A new study from Umeå University, Sweden, shows that these other somatic diseases have even more impact on patients‘ mental

How can you sleep during a solo sailing race?

Bologna (June 4, 2020) — You are alone on a small sailing boat, more than four thousand miles of ocean ahead and you are up against approximately 80 sailors. It will take you three or four weeks to get to the finishing line. But how will you manage to sleep and which sleeping strategy will

Cancer doctors call for more training in palliative care and delivery of ‚bad news‘

Baltimore, MD, USA (May 28, 2020) — Oncologists who practice and teach at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center are calling on medical oncology training programs to invest substantially more time educating physicians about palliative care and how to talk to patients about „bad news.“ In a commentary published on April 9, 2020, in the

Some COVID-19 patients still have coronavirus after symptoms disappear

  New York, NY, USA (March 27, 2020) — In a new study, researchers found that half of the patients they treated for mild COVID-19 infection still had coronavirus for up to eight days after symptoms disappeared. The research letter was published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care

FDA approves ozanimod, a drug invented at Scripps Research, for multiple sclerosis

Ozanimod is the latest in a series of novel medicines to originate from the laboratories of Scripps Research LA JOLLA, CA, USA (March 26, 2020) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved ozanimod, an immune-modulating therapy invented at Scripps Research, for the treatment of adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. The drug

JAMA: Reusable respirators may be a suitable alternative to disposable respirators

  Houston, Texas, USA (March 26,2020) — Shortages of respiratory protective devices for healthcare personnel are major concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic. A team of researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, Emory University, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Centers at the Centers

SARS-CoV-2 viruses excreted in feces? How to identify factors affecting COVID-19 transmission

Engineers at Stanford describe potential transmission pathways of COVID-19 and their implications Stanford, California, USA (March 26, 2020) — Much remains unknown about how SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, spreads through the environment. A major reason for this is that the behaviors and traits of viruses are highly variable – some spread more easily

COVID-19 infection prevention and control in long-term care facilities

  New York, NY, USA (March 26, 2020) — Columbia Mailman School of Public Health’s Dr. John W. Rowe, Professor of Health Policy and Aging, is a member of a WHO Expert Panel on Care of the Elderly which just released the attached guidance for prevention and management of COVID-19 among elderly in long term

COVID-19: Beware of falsified medicines from unregistered websites

COVID-19 Beware of falsified medicines from unregistered websites   Amsterdam, The Netherlands (March 24, 2020) — EMA is urging the general public not to buy medicines from unauthorised websites and other vendors aiming to exploit fears and concerns during the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Vendors may claim that their products can treat or

Using cannabinoids to treat acute pain

  New Rochelle, NY, USA (March 23, 2020) — A new systematic review and meta-analysis showed a small but significant reduction in subjective pain scores for cannabinoid treatment compared to placebo in patients experiencing acute pain. No increase in serious adverse events suggested the safety of using cannabinoids to treat acute pain, according to the

Single dose of psychoactive component in cannabis could induce psychotic, depressive, and anxiety symptoms in healthy people

  In addition, the review found no consistent evidence that cannabidiol (CBD) moderates the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC – the psychoactive component of cannabis) in healthy volunteers Single dose of THC, roughly equivalent to smoking one joint, may induce a variety of psychiatric symptoms associated with schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. These effects are larger

New coronavirus stable for hours on surfaces

  Bethesda, M, USA (March 17, 2020) — The virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is stable for several hours to days in aerosols and on surfaces, according to a new study from National Institutes of Health, CDC, UCLA and Princeton University scientists The New England Journal of Medicine. The scientists found that severe

Experts stress radiology preparedness for COVID-19

  OAK BROOK, Ill., USA (March 16, 2020) – Today, the journal Radiology published the policies and recommendations of a panel of experts on radiology preparedness during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) public health crisis. The article outlines priorities for handling COVID-19 cases and suggests strategies that radiology departments can implement to contain further infection spread

Coronavirus-infected patients needing emergency surgery: Anesthesia standards

  New Rochelle, NY, USA (March 16, 2020)–Physicians describe the standardized procedure of surgical anesthesia for patients with COVID-19 infection requiring emergency surgery to minimize the risk of virus spread and reduce lung injury in a Letter to the Editor published in Surgical Infections, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers. Click here

Why is appendicitis not always diagnosed in the emergency department?

ANN ARBOR, Mich., USA (March 16, 2020) — While symptoms of appendicitis may be common, a new study suggests that accurately diagnosing the condition in the emergency department may be more challenging. The study, published in JAMA Network Open, highlights that appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies in the United States, but

Learning empathy as a care giver takes more than experience

  Research among nursing students shows that past experience living in poverty or volunteering in impoverished communities, does not sufficiently build empathy towards patients who experience poverty.   PHILADELPHIA, USA (March 9, 2020) — Poverty takes a toll on health in many ways. It often causes malnutrition and hunger, creates barriers to access basic resources,

Being grateful has benefits, but not for these issues: Gratitude interventions don’t help with depression, anxiety

  COLUMBUS, Ohio. USA (March 9, 2020) – Go ahead and be grateful for the good things in your life. Just don’t think that a gratitude intervention will help you feel less depressed or anxious. In a new study, researchers at The Ohio State University analyzed results from 27 separate studies that examined the effectiveness

First study identifies risk factors associated with death in adults hospitalised with new coronavirus disease in Wuhan

  (March 9, 2020) — Being of an older age, showing signs of sepsis, and having blood clotting issues when admitted to hospital are key risk factors associated with higher risk of death from the new coronavirus (COVID-19), according to a new observational study of 191 patients with confirmed COVID-19 from two hospitals in Wuhan,

Hong Kong study shows best practices protect healthcare workers from COVID-19

  NEW YORK, USA (March 5, 2020) — Health systems can protect healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak when best practices for infection control are diligently applied along with lessons learned from recent outbreaks, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of


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