Our sleep during lockdown: Longer and more regular, but worse

Our sleep during lockdown: Longer and more regular, but worse   Basel, Switzerland (June 12, 2020) — Research assumes that many sleep disorders are caused by our modern lifestyle, which is characterized by pressure to constantly perform and be active. Rhythms of work and leisure activities thus set a cycle that is often at a

Radioactive cloud over Europe had civilian background

  Isotope measurements on air filters: researchers investigated undeclared nuclear   Münster, Germany (June 12, 2020) — A mysterious cloud containing radioactive ruthenium-106, which moved across Europe in autumn 2017, is still bothering Europe’s radiation protection entities. Although the activity concentrations were innocuous, they reached up to 100 times the levels of what had been

COVID-19 may trigger new diabetes, experts warn

  London, UK (June 12, 2020) — Emerging evidence suggests that COVID-19 may actually trigger the onset of diabetes in healthy people and also cause severe complications of pre-existing diabetes. A letter published today in the New England Journal of Medicine and signed by an international group of 17 leading diabetes experts involved in the

Case series: Teriflunomide therapy in COVID-19 patients with MS

  Boston, MA, USA (June 12, 2020) — During the COVID-19 pandemic, patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their clinicians have had questions and concerns about whether immunotherapies for MS could influence risk for infection or lead to an unfavorable outcome. In the Journal of Neurology, Rohit Bakshi, MD, a senior neurologist at Brigham and

Mozart may reduce seizure frequency in people with epilepsy

TORONTO,  Canada (June 9, 2020) — A new clinical research study by Dr. Marjan Rafiee and Dr. Taufik Valiante of the Krembil Brain Institute at Toronto Western Hospital, part of University Health Network, has found that a Mozart composition may reduce seizure frequency in patients with epilepsy. The results of the research study, “The Rhyme

COVID-19 false negative results if used too early

  Test that relies on viral genetic material gives false negative if uded too early on those infected   Baltimore, MA, USA (June 10, 2020) — In a new study, Johns Hopkins researchers found that testing people for SARS-CoV-2 — the virus that causes COVID-19 — too early in the course of infection is likely

Virus DNA spread across surfaces in hospital ward over 10 hours

  Virus DNA left on a hospital bed rail was found in nearly half of all sites sampled across a ward within 10 hours and persisted for at least five days, according to a new study by UCL and Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH)   London, UK (June 7, 2020) — Virus DNA left on

Repetitive negative thinking linked to dementia risk

  Persistently engaging in negative thinking patterns may raise the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, finds a new UCL-led study   London, UK (June 7, 2020) — In the study of people aged over 55, published in Alzheimer’s & Dementia, researchers found ‘repetitive negative thinking’ (RNT) is linked to subsequent cognitive decline as well as the

Reducing severe breathlessness and psychological trauma in COVID-19 ARDS survivors

  (June 5, 2020) — A new paper published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society examines ventilation and medication strategies that can help avoid psychological trauma for severe COVID-19 survivors treated for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with mechanical ventilation. In “Air Hunger and Psychological Trauma in Ventilated COVID-19 Patients: An Urgent

Long term care faclities are where most COVID-19 deaths occur

  BOSTON, MA, USA (June 5, 2020)  — Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are a major driver of total COVID-19 deaths. Reported today in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) geriatricians Rossana Lau-Ng, Lisa Caruso and Thomas Perls studied the past month’s case and

Psychedelic drug psilocybin tamps down brain’s ego center

  Baltimore (June 5, 2020) — Perhaps no region of the brain is more fittingly named than the claustrum, taken from the Latin word for “hidden or shut away.” The claustrum is an extremely thin sheet of neurons deep within the cortex, yet it reaches out to every other region of the brain. Its true

ERA-EDTA: COVID-19 mortality alarmingly high in dialysis patients

  Dr. Maria Jose Soler Romeo talked about the Spanish COVID-19 Dialysis/Transplantation Experience at the Opening Conference of the ERA-EDTA Congress   (June 5, 2020) — Spain is one of the European countries besides the UK and Italy that was particularly hard hit by the coronavirus pandemic in March. Early on, it was not possible

Approved drug may help calm cytokine storm in COVID-19

Washington,DC, USA (June 5, 2020) — The drug acalabrutinib, FDA-approved for the treatment of several types of B cell cancers, improved the oxygenation levels and decreased molecular markers of inflammation in a majority of 19 patients hospitalized for the treatment of severe COVID-19, according to a new study by Mark Roschewski and colleagues. The drug

Mortality of mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients is lower than previously reported reveals study in Critical Care Medicine

(June 4, 2020) – An online first study published in Critical Care Medicine indicates the actual mortality rate of adults with critical illness from COVID-19 is less than what was previously reported. Compared to earlier reports of a 50 percent mortality rate, the study finds that the mortality rate of critically ill patients who required

Many patients with kidney failure regret initiating dialysis

  Discussing life expectancy and completing a living will may lessen likelihood of experiencing regret In a study of adults with kidney failure treated with dialysis, 21% of patients reported regret that they decided to initiate dialysis. Certain factors were linked with a higher likelihood of experiencing regret.   Washington, DC, USA (June 4, 2020)

High blood pressure linked to increased risk of dying from COVID-19

  (June 4, 2020) — Patients with raised blood pressure have a two-fold increased risk of dying from the coronavirus COVID-19 compared to patients without high blood pressure, according to new research published in the European Heart Journal [1] today (Friday). In addition, the study found that patients with high blood pressure who were not

Coronavirus linked to stroke in otherwise healthy young people

Preliminary observations suggest a high incidence of COVID-19 in stroke patients, including younger patients who were otherwise healthy. PHILADELPHIA, USA (June 4, 2020) — Young patients with no risk factors for stroke may have an increased risk if they have contracted COVID-19, whether or not they are showing symptoms of the disease. Surgeons at Thomas

Use loss of taste and smell as key screening tool for COVID-19, researchers urge

  London, UK (June 4, 2020) — King’s College London researchers have called for the immediate use of additional COVID-19 symptoms to detect new cases, reduce infections and save lives. In a letter published in The Lancet, the team discussed how loss of taste and smell – anosmia – should form part of screening measures

Psoriasis patient’s mental health is more than skin-deep

  Umeå, Sweden (June 4, 2020) — Treatment of the common disease psoriasis, usually focuses on treating the skin. However, psoriasis patients often have other physical diseases that can bring on depression, anxiety, and suicide. A new study from Umeå University, Sweden, shows that these other somatic diseases have even more impact on patients’ mental

How can you sleep during a solo sailing race?

Bologna (June 4, 2020) — You are alone on a small sailing boat, more than four thousand miles of ocean ahead and you are up against approximately 80 sailors. It will take you three or four weeks to get to the finishing line. But how will you manage to sleep and which sleeping strategy will

Cancer doctors call for more training in palliative care and delivery of ‘bad news’

Baltimore, MD, USA (May 28, 2020) — Oncologists who practice and teach at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center are calling on medical oncology training programs to invest substantially more time educating physicians about palliative care and how to talk to patients about “bad news.” In a commentary published on April 9, 2020, in the

Some COVID-19 patients still have coronavirus after symptoms disappear

  New York, NY, USA (March 27, 2020) — In a new study, researchers found that half of the patients they treated for mild COVID-19 infection still had coronavirus for up to eight days after symptoms disappeared. The research letter was published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care

FDA approves ozanimod, a drug invented at Scripps Research, for multiple sclerosis

Ozanimod is the latest in a series of novel medicines to originate from the laboratories of Scripps Research LA JOLLA, CA, USA (March 26, 2020) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved ozanimod, an immune-modulating therapy invented at Scripps Research, for the treatment of adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. The drug

JAMA: Reusable respirators may be a suitable alternative to disposable respirators

  Houston, Texas, USA (March 26,2020) — Shortages of respiratory protective devices for healthcare personnel are major concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic. A team of researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, Emory University, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Centers at the Centers

SARS-CoV-2 viruses excreted in feces? How to identify factors affecting COVID-19 transmission

Engineers at Stanford describe potential transmission pathways of COVID-19 and their implications Stanford, California, USA (March 26, 2020) — Much remains unknown about how SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, spreads through the environment. A major reason for this is that the behaviors and traits of viruses are highly variable – some spread more easily

COVID-19 infection prevention and control in long-term care facilities

  New York, NY, USA (March 26, 2020) — Columbia Mailman School of Public Health’s Dr. John W. Rowe, Professor of Health Policy and Aging, is a member of a WHO Expert Panel on Care of the Elderly which just released the attached guidance for prevention and management of COVID-19 among elderly in long term

COVID-19: Beware of falsified medicines from unregistered websites

COVID-19 Beware of falsified medicines from unregistered websites   Amsterdam, The Netherlands (March 24, 2020) — EMA is urging the general public not to buy medicines from unauthorised websites and other vendors aiming to exploit fears and concerns during the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Vendors may claim that their products can treat or

Using cannabinoids to treat acute pain

  New Rochelle, NY, USA (March 23, 2020) — A new systematic review and meta-analysis showed a small but significant reduction in subjective pain scores for cannabinoid treatment compared to placebo in patients experiencing acute pain. No increase in serious adverse events suggested the safety of using cannabinoids to treat acute pain, according to the

Single dose of psychoactive component in cannabis could induce psychotic, depressive, and anxiety symptoms in healthy people

  In addition, the review found no consistent evidence that cannabidiol (CBD) moderates the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC – the psychoactive component of cannabis) in healthy volunteers Single dose of THC, roughly equivalent to smoking one joint, may induce a variety of psychiatric symptoms associated with schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. These effects are larger

New coronavirus stable for hours on surfaces

  Bethesda, M, USA (March 17, 2020) — The virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is stable for several hours to days in aerosols and on surfaces, according to a new study from National Institutes of Health, CDC, UCLA and Princeton University scientists The New England Journal of Medicine. The scientists found that severe

Experts stress radiology preparedness for COVID-19

  OAK BROOK, Ill., USA (March 16, 2020) – Today, the journal Radiology published the policies and recommendations of a panel of experts on radiology preparedness during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) public health crisis. The article outlines priorities for handling COVID-19 cases and suggests strategies that radiology departments can implement to contain further infection spread

Coronavirus-infected patients needing emergency surgery: Anesthesia standards

  New Rochelle, NY, USA (March 16, 2020)–Physicians describe the standardized procedure of surgical anesthesia for patients with COVID-19 infection requiring emergency surgery to minimize the risk of virus spread and reduce lung injury in a Letter to the Editor published in Surgical Infections, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers. Click here

Why is appendicitis not always diagnosed in the emergency department?

ANN ARBOR, Mich., USA (March 16, 2020) — While symptoms of appendicitis may be common, a new study suggests that accurately diagnosing the condition in the emergency department may be more challenging. The study, published in JAMA Network Open, highlights that appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies in the United States, but

Learning empathy as a care giver takes more than experience

  Research among nursing students shows that past experience living in poverty or volunteering in impoverished communities, does not sufficiently build empathy towards patients who experience poverty.   PHILADELPHIA, USA (March 9, 2020) — Poverty takes a toll on health in many ways. It often causes malnutrition and hunger, creates barriers to access basic resources,

Being grateful has benefits, but not for these issues: Gratitude interventions don’t help with depression, anxiety

  COLUMBUS, Ohio. USA (March 9, 2020) – Go ahead and be grateful for the good things in your life. Just don’t think that a gratitude intervention will help you feel less depressed or anxious. In a new study, researchers at The Ohio State University analyzed results from 27 separate studies that examined the effectiveness

First study identifies risk factors associated with death in adults hospitalised with new coronavirus disease in Wuhan

  (March 9, 2020) — Being of an older age, showing signs of sepsis, and having blood clotting issues when admitted to hospital are key risk factors associated with higher risk of death from the new coronavirus (COVID-19), according to a new observational study of 191 patients with confirmed COVID-19 from two hospitals in Wuhan,

Hong Kong study shows best practices protect healthcare workers from COVID-19

  NEW YORK, USA (March 5, 2020) — Health systems can protect healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak when best practices for infection control are diligently applied along with lessons learned from recent outbreaks, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of

Improved work environments enhance patient and nurse satisfaction

  PHILADELPHIA, USA (March 2, 2020) — Healthcare provider burnout is a mounting public health crisis with up to half of all physicians and one in three nurses reporting high burnout, data show. Burnout rates among nurses also correlate with lower patient satisfaction. While both factors are recognized, little is known about how effective interventions

30-year study identifies need of disease-modifying therapies for maple syrup urine disease

  A new study analyzes 30 years of patient data and details the clinical course of 184 individuals with genetically diverse forms of maple syrup urine disease   Strasburg, Pennsylvania. USA (January 24, 2020) — A new study analyzes 30 years of patient data and details the clinical course of 184 individuals with genetically diverse

Can lithium halt progression of Alzheimer’s disease?

  Montreal, Canada (January 24, 2020) — There remains a controversy in scientific circles today regarding the value of lithium therapy in treating Alzheimer’s disease. Much of this stems from the fact that because the information gathered to date has been obtained using a multitude of differential approaches, conditions, formulations, timing and dosages of treatment,

ICUs receive higher satisfaction scores for end-of-life care than other hospital units

  The findings may inform care in other parts of the hospital to improve end-of-life experiences   Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (January 23, 2020) — Family caregivers of the deceased rated the quality of end-of-life care in the intensive care unit (ICU) higher than the end-of-life care in other hospital departments (also called wards), according to

Living near major roads linked to risk of dementia, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and MS

  Vancouver, Canada (January 23, 2020) — Living near major roads or highways is linked to higher incidence of dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis (MS), suggests new research published this week in the journal Environmental Health. Researchers from the University of British Columbia analyzed data for 678,000 adults in Metro Vancouver. They

Urology: Individualized physical therapy reduces incontinence, pain in men after prostate surgery

  DALLAS, Texas, USA (Dec. 30, 2019) — For decades, therapy to strengthen pelvic muscles has been the standard treatment for men dealing with urinary incontinence after prostate surgery. But a new study from UT Southwestern’s Departments of Urology and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation suggests that may not be the best approach. The study examined

Study shows link to immunotherapy: High BMI may improve cancer survival

  Adelaide, South Australia (December 26, 2019) — Above average or high BMI – often linked to cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular and other diseases – may in some cases improve the chance of survival among certain cancers, new research from Flinders University indicates. Focusing on clinical trials of atezolizumab, a common immunotherapy treatment for non-small-cell lung

Yoga and physical therapy as treatment for chronic lower back pain also improves sleep

BOSTON, Ma, USA — Yoga and physical therapy (PT) are effective approaches to treating co-occurring sleep disturbance and back pain while reducing the need for medication, according to a new study from Boston Medical Center (BMC). Published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, the research showed significant improvements in sleep quality lasting 52 weeks

Research summary from the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society: Oral health for older adults

  New York, NY, USA (November 8, 2019) — Older adults are at an especially high risk for mouth and tooth infections and the complications that can come with these problems. Losing teeth, which is mainly caused by infection, not only leads to changes in our appearance but may also make it harder to chew

A game-changing test for Prion, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases is on the horizon

  Synthetic molecules made at Berkeley Lab can be used to diagnose numerous devastating illnesses   Berkeley, Ca, USA (November 6, 2019) — There are currently no effective treatments for prion diseases, a family of fatal neurodegenerative conditions caused by accumulations of misfolded copies of a naturally occurring protein. But now, there is finally an

Narcissism can lower stress levels and reduce chances of depression

  Belfast, UK (October 29, 2019) — People who have grandiose narcissistic traits are more likely to be ‘mentally tough’, feel less stressed and are less vulnerable to depression, research led by Queen’s University Belfast has found. While narcissism may be viewed by many in society as a negative personality trait, Dr Kostas Papageorgiou, who

Men with breast cancer face high mortality rates

  Nashville, TN, USA (October 22, 2019) — Men with breast cancer are more likely to die than their female counterparts, across all stages of disease, with the disparity persisting even when clinical characteristics, such as cancer types, treatment and access to care are considered, according to a study by Vanderbilt researchers published in JAMA

FDA approves new breakthrough therapy for cystic fibrosis

  Treatment approved for approximately 90% of patients with cystic fibrosis, many of whom had no approved therapeutic options   Silver Spring, MD, USA (October 21, 2019) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Trikafta (elexacaftor/ivacaftor/tezacaftor), the first triple combination therapy available to treat patients with the most common cystic fibrosis mutation. Trikafta


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