Study shows link to immunotherapy

High BMI may improve cancer survival

 

Adelaide, South Australia (December 26, 2019) — Above average or high BMI – often linked to cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular and other diseases – may in some cases improve the chance of survival among certain cancers, new research from Flinders University indicates.

Focusing on clinical trials of atezolizumab, a common immunotherapy treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the Australian cancer researchers found improved responsiveness to the drug in those with a high body mass index (BMI).

The surprising result – published today in JAMA Oncology – contrast with regular warnings about the health risks of patients who are overweight and obese.

„This is an interesting outcome and it raises the potential to investigate further with other cancers and other anti-cancer drugs,“ says lead investigator Dr Ganessan Kichenadasse, a medical oncology researcher at the Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer.

„We need to do further studies into the possible link between BMI and related inflammation, which might help to understand the mechanisms behind paradoxical response to this form of cancer treatment.“

„Previous studies have explored a concept called as ‚obesity paradox‘ where obesity is associated with increased risks for developing certain cancers and, counter-intuitively, may protect and give greater survival benefits in certain individuals.

„Our study provides new evidence to support the hypothesis that high BMI and obesity may be associated with response to immunotherapy,“ says Dr Kichenadasse.

The Flinders researchers found NSCLC patients with high BMI (BMI ? 25 kg/m2) in four clinical trials had a significant reduction in mortality with atezolizumab, apparently benefiting from immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy.

Treatment options for this form of lung cancer are rapidly evolving and includes ICIs, molecular targeted drugs and chemotherapies.

„While our study only looked at baseline and during treatment, we believe it warrants more studies into the potentially protective role of high BMI in other cancer treatments.“

The WHO estimates at least 2.8 million people die each year as a result of being overweight or obese. Overweight and obesity leads to adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin resistance. Risks of coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase steadily with increasing body mass index (BMI), a measure of weight relative to height.

Of the 1.434 participants studied in the Australian research, 49% were normal weight, 34% were overweight and 7% were obese.

 

The article, ‚Association between body mass index (BMI) and overall survival with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer: analysis of atezolizumab clinical trials‘ (2019) by G Kichenadasse, JO Miners, AA Mangoni, A Rowlands, A Hopkins, MJ Sorich has been published in JAMA Oncology (American Medical Association) Article #COI190098.

The research was part funded by Cancer Council of South Australia.

 


Flinders University, 26.12.2019 (tB).

Schlagwörter: , ,

MEDICAL NEWS

New guidance to prevent the tragedy of unrecognized esophageal intubation
Overly restrictive salt intake may worsen outcomes for common form…
COVID-19 vaccines are estimated to have prevanented 20 million deaths…
Novel sleep education learning modules developed for nurse practitioners
Scientists discover how salt in tumours could help diagnose and…

SCHMERZ PAINCARE

Aktuelle Versorgungssituation der Opioidtherapie im Fokus
Individuelle Schmerztherapie mit Opioiden: Patienten im Mittelpunkt
Versorgung verbessern: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schmerzmedizin fordert die Einführung des…
Pflegeexpertise im Fokus: Schmerzmanagement nach Operationen
Versorgung verbessern: Bundesweite Initiative der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Schmerzmedizin zu…

DIABETES

Menschen mit Diabetes während der Corona-Pandemie unterversorgt? Studie zeigt auffällige…
Suliqua® zur Therapieoptimierung bei unzureichender BOT
„Wissen was bei Diabetes zählt: Gesünder unter 7 PLUS“ gibt…
Kaltplasma bei diabetischem Fußsyndrom wirkt via Wachstumsfaktoren
Typ-1-Diabetes: InRange – auf die Zeit im Zielbereich kommt es…

ERNÄHRUNG

Gesunde Ernährung: „Nicht das Salz und nicht das Fett verteufeln“
Mangelernährung gefährdet den Behandlungserfolg — DGEM: Ernährungsscreening sollte zur klinischen…
Wie eine Diät die Darmflora beeinflusst: Krankenhauskeim spielt wichtige Rolle…
DGEM plädiert für Screening und frühzeitige Aufbautherapie: Stationäre COVID-19-Patienten oft…
Führt eine vegane Ernährungsweise zu einer geringeren Knochengesundheit?

ONKOLOGIE

Nahrungsergänzungsmittel während der Krebstherapie: Es braucht mehr Bewusstsein für mögliche…
Fusobakterien und Krebs
Fortgeschrittenes Zervixkarzinom: Pembrolizumab verlängert Leben
Krebspatienten unter Immuntherapie: Kein Hinweis auf erhöhtes Risiko für schwere…
Aktuelle Kongressdaten zum metastasierten Mammakarzinom und kolorektalen Karzinom sowie Neues…

MULTIPLE SKLEROSE

Multiple Sklerose: Analysen aus Münster erhärten Verdacht gegen das Epstein-Barr-Virus
Aktuelle Daten zu Novartis Ofatumumab und Siponimod bestätigen Vorteil des…
Multiple Sklerose durch das Epstein-Barr-Virus – kommt die MS-Impfung?
Neuer Therapieansatz für Multiple Sklerose und Alzheimer
„Ich messe meine Multiple Sklerose selbst!“ – Digitales Selbstmonitoring der…

PARKINSON

Alexa, bekomme ich Parkinson?
Meilenstein in der Parkinson-Frühdiagnose
Parkinson-Erkrankte besonders stark von Covid-19 betroffen
Gangstörungen durch Kleinhirnschädigung beim atypischen Parkinson-Syndrom
Parkinson-Agenda 2030: Die kommenden 10 Jahre sind für die therapeutische…